Lopez Library Archives: 1760 Prayer Book for Anointing of the Sick, the Dying and the Dead #AllSoulsDay 

Aquino de Belen, Gaspar. Manga panalanging pagtatagobilin sa caloloua nang tauong naghihingalo (Manila, 1760). This work is a translation of Recomendacio del Alma by Fr. Villacastin (Zaragosa, 1613), printed on rice paper in the Jesuit press by Nicolas de la Cruz Bagay, with engravings by Nicolas de la Cruz Bagay and Francisco Suarez. The first edition appeared in 1703. European visitors observed that the “indios,” through the intermediary of the friars, were being brainwashed from the cradle to the grave.